The defence ministry said the planes, including nuclear-capable bombers, entered the area in two waves. Taiwan responded by scrambling its jets and deploying missile systems.China sees democratic Taiwan as a breakaway province, but Taiwan sees itself as a sovereign state.

Taiwan has been complaining for more than a year about repeated missions by China’s air force near the island. Taiwan Premier Su Tseng-chang told reporters on Saturday.China has been wantonly engaged in military aggression, damaging regional peace”.

The government in Beijing – which is marking 72 years since the founding of the People’s Republic of China – has so far made no public comment.But it has previously said such flights were to protect its sovereignty and also targeted “collusion” between Taiwan.

In a statement, Taiwan’s defence ministry said 25 People’s Liberation Army  planes entered the south-western part of the air defence identification zone during daylight hours, flying near the Pratas Islands atoll.

An air defence identification zone is an area outside of a country’s territory and national airspace but where foreign aircraft are still identified, monitored, and controlled in the interest of national security.

It is self-declared and technically remains international airspace.This was followed by a second wave of 13 Chinese aircraft in the same area on Friday evening. They flew over waters between Taiwan and the Philipines.

The ministry said the Chinese aircraft included four H-6 bombers, which can carry nuclear weapons, as well as an anti-submarine aircraft.Beijing often launches such missions to express displeasure at comments made by Taiwan.

 Only a few countries recognise Taiwan. Most recognise the Chinese government in Beijing instead. The US has no official ties with Taiwan but does have a law which requires it to provide the island with the means to defend itself.

It is not clear what prompted the latest missionChina and Taiwan were divided during a civil war in the 1940s, but Beijing insists the island will be reclaimed at some point, by force if necessary.The island has its constitution, democratically elected leaders, and about 300,000 active troops in its armed forces.


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