The world’s most developed economies, gathered in the G-7, reached a “historic” agreement in London on Saturday on the reform of the global tax system, according to the British Finance Minister, Rishi Sunak. The deal will require multinational tech giants to make their fiscal contribution, he said on his Twitter account .
Some details of the pact are yet to be known. In any case, it has already advanced the resolution of one of the last minute pitfalls, when speaking of a minimum corporate tax of “at least 15%”. In this way, space is opened for a subsequent negotiation to raise the figure, as some countries wish.
“My finance counterparts and I have reached a historic agreement on the global tax reform that requires the largest multinational technology giants to pay their fair share of taxes,” explained Sunak on the social network, where he has advanced a part of what agreed at the meeting, held at the Lancaster House palace in central London.
“The G7 has agreed on the principle of a worldwide minimum corporate tax for large companies of at least 15%, which would be applied in each country, thus creating more equitable conditions for British companies and to fight tax evasion. prosecutor, “said Sunak.
The G-7 ministers (United States, United Kingdom, Germany, France, Canada, Italy and Japan) agreed to this minimum of 15%, although the pact will be analyzed at the meeting of finance ministers of the G-20 – developed countries and countries. emerging – and central bank governors to be held in July in Venice.
The progress in the measure is also linked to the elimination of the tax on digital services that some countries, such as the United Kingdom or France, had unilaterally imposed with the opposition of Washington. “We will facilitate the proper coordination between the application of the new international tax regulations and the withdrawal of all taxes on digital services, and other similar relevant measures, on all companies. We are committed to a global minimum tax of at least 15%, applied by each country “, states the text resulting from the meeting.
The United States wanted the immediate elimination of the digital tax, but its European allies feared that in this way big technology would pay less, while the US Congress would still take time to pass the legislation derived from the new agreement.
The pact is designed to adapt the tax system to the global digital age. “It is crucial to ensure that it is fair, so that the right companies [the tech giants] pay the right tax in the right place and that is a huge price for the British taxpayer,” added the UK Finance Minister on an issue being discussed. has debated for the last decade but without reaching consensus. Up to now.
The enormous public spending with which countries have had to respond to the onslaught of the pandemic has accelerated debates that dragged on for years. Specifically, that of the need for a fair and efficient tax system in the era of the digital economy. The G-7 Finance Ministers, meeting since Friday in London, were already optimistic from the start of the meeting.
The London meeting is the first face-to-face meeting of those responsible for Finance from the seven most advanced economies in the world since the coronavirus crisis ended the large face-to-face meetings. Before beginning an intense discussion, its participants read on Friday the open letter signed by the ministers of the four largest economies in the eurozone, published in EL PAÍS and the main European newspapers.
” Tax dumping cannot be an option in Europe or in any country in the world,” the Spanish Nadia Calviño, the French Bruno Le Maire, the German Olaf Scholz and the Italian Daniele Franco stated in the text. “This practice would only lead to an even greater drop in corporate tax collection, more inequality and the inability to finance basic public services.”
The four denounced the practice carried out by large technology companies of shifting their global profits to those territories – Ireland, for example – that offer them greater tax advantages. This despite the fact that its presence is already global, and its sales and benefits are particular in each specific country.
The conviction that today more than ever tax coordination is necessary to avoid the existence of winners and losers in the new digital economy has generated in a few months the consensus that was pursued without success for years. The new US Administration of Joe Biden was the one that put the figure of 15% on the table – although it initially proposed 21%.