District Judge Robert Pitman granted a request by the Biden administration to prevent any enforcement of the law while its legality is being challenged.
The law, which prohibits women in Texas from obtaining an abortion after six weeks of pregnancy, was drafted and approved by Republican politicians.
The White House praised the latest ruling as an important step.
White House Press Secretary Jen Psaki said, “The fight has only just begun, both in Texas and in many states across this country where women’s rights are currently under attack,” Texan officials immediately appealed the ruling, setting the stage for further court battles.
“This court will not sanction one more day of this offensive deprivation of such an important right,” he said on Wednesday.The US abortion battle explained in three minutes . The anti-abortion group Texas Right to Life, accused judges of “catering to the abortion industry” and called for a “fair hearing” at the next stage.
This is the first legal setback for Texas since the law was implemented.
Judge Pitman, of Austin, wrote in an 113 page opinion that, from the moment the law came into effect on 1 September, “women have been unlawfully prevented from exercising control over their lives in ways that are protected by the Constitution”.
This effectively bans abortions from as early as six weeks into a pregnancy, at a time when most women will not be aware they are pregnant.It is enforced by giving any individual from Texas or elsewhere the right to sue doctors who perform an abortion past the six-week point. However, it does not allow the women who get the procedure to be sued.