Rishi Sunak has been named as the U.K.’s new prime minister and the country’s first leader of color. Rishi Sunak will become the U.K.’s third prime minister of the year Tuesday following a meeting with King Charles III.
He gave only a short speech Monday, saying the U.K. needed “stability and unity” to face its current “profound economic challenge.” He is due to make his first address as prime minister later Tuesday, and is also expected to begin appointing new cabinet figures in yet another reshuffle at the top of British politics.
The tradition sees the monarch invite the leader of the party with the highest number of MPs to form a government, which since the 2019 general election has been the Conservatives. Sunak was elected party leader by fellow Conservative lawmakers on Monday following the resignation of Liz Truss on Thursday.
The 42-year-old will be the youngest-ever U.K. prime minister, and the first person of color to lead the country, which U.S. President Joe Biden said Monday was “a groundbreaking milestone.” Sunak’s parents are of Indian descent and in the 1960s moved from East Africa to the U.K.
Earlier this year, Murthy made headlines over her non-domiciled tax status, which allows her to avoid paying millions in U.K. taxes on international earnings. She said she would start paying U.K. taxes on these earnings following the controversy.
Sunak also has the greatest personal wealth of any of his predecessors. His wife, Akshata Murthy, is daughter of Indian IT company Infosys co-founder N. R. Narayana Murthy, and the couple have a combined net worth of £730 million ($824 million), according to the Sunday Times Rich List, making them the joint 222nd wealthiest people in the U.K.
Before entering politics, Sunak worked as an analyst as Goldman Sachs and a partner at billionaire Chris Hohn’s Children’s Investment Fund Management. He was privately educated in the U.K. and studied Philosophy, Politics and Economics at Oxford, like four prime ministers and dozens of senior political figures before him, followed later by an MBA at Stanford University.
He was elected Conservative MP for a constituency in North Yorkshire in the 2015 general election, and was finance minister under former Prime Minister Boris Johnson from February 2020 to July 2022. Through this he oversaw the U.K.’s economic response to the pandemic, including the program for furloughing millions of workers.
He ran for party leadership following Johnson’s resignation in July and was supported by MPs into the two-candidate battle against Truss, but lost in a vote by the Conservative Party’s roughly 200,000 members, who backed Truss against Sunak by 57% to 42.6%.
Many members favored Truss’ strong stance on slashing taxes and regulation as soon as she took office, which Sunak warned was misguided at a time of central bank tightening and increased spending on energy bill support. His warnings that the plan would cause a sell-off in British assets including gilts (sovereign bonds) and sterling proved prophetic.
Truss had sacked her finance minister, reversed the majority of the proposals and attempted to reassert her position. But pressure on her from within the party continued, particularly following a chaotic night which saw the resignation of her interior minister and reports of MPs in tears after being “bullied” into a vote on fracking, which was seen as a vote of confidence in the government.
Truss’ resignation came after just 44 days into her tenure, on 10 of which government business was suspended due to the death of Queen Elizabeth II. A wave of Conservative MPs sent letters expressing a lack of confidence in her government after she oversaw a controversial “mini-budget” that rocked financial markets, making government borrowing more expensive and raising interest rate expectations.
Johnson’s departure was similarly chaotic, coming after months of outrage among the public and MPs over a series of scandals. They included both Johnson and Sunak being fined by police for events held in Downing Street during Covid-19 lockdowns, and Johnson’s appointment of a senior political figure despite knowing of previous misconduct allegations against him.
Many Conservative MPs are resistant to an election given the party’s current poor polling figures. The next election will take place in January 2025 unless one is called by the prime minister earlier. It is also possible for an election to be forced if a majority of the U.K.’s 650 MPs vote for one.
Sunak now faces a packed in-tray which includes numerous forecasts the U.K. is heading for a recession; a cost-of-living crisis with inflation above 10%; the ongoing issues of the European energy crisis and war in Ukraine; the weak pound; the planned revamped budget on Oct. 31, which Finance Minister Jeremy Hunt has said will contain “difficult decisions” on spending; and the need to reassure financial markets of the U.K.’s economic competency.
He will also be navigating calls for a general election, as advocated by the opposition Labour, Scottish National, Liberal Democrat, Plaid Cymru and Green parties, as well as a few Conservative MPs who did not support Sunak.